The Nineteenth Amendment

LIMITED EDITION T-SHIRT The 19th Amendment 100 Years

$55.00

Limited Edition Centennial Tee – Gildan – Adult Softstyle 4.5 oz. T-Shirt

Oversized screenprinting on back – high quality inks. Colors are from the National Women’s Party – gold and purple.

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Description

In 1878, Senator A.A. Sargent of California introduced a revision to the 16th Amendment, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.” Written by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, those 28 words would be introduced by Sargent and others for another 40 years and would be known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment.

In 1918,the Susan B. Anthony passed the U.S. House of Representatives.  but failed to get the two-thirds necessary in the Senate. It was introduced again the following year on May 21, 1919. As was the case in the prior year, the House and passed the Amendment handily, 304 to 89. Two weeks later, it was sent to the Senate. On June 4, 1919, the Senate narrowly passed the bill by just two votes – 56-25 – getting the required two-thirds to secure a Constitutional Amendment, but it could not become an Amendment unless 36 of the states ratified it.

Our Revolution t-shirt commemorates the 100 Anniversary of the passage of the Susan B. Anthony Amendment, which become the 19th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. We wanted to tell the story. Designs of note: – it uses the gold and purple of the National Women’s Party (NWP), which was instrumental in securing women’s suffrage as a Constitutional Amendment. Spearheaded by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, Paul would sew a star onto the NWP’s Ratification Flag as each state passed the resolution with room for 36 stars, 18 on each side.  You will also see a red rose beside the states that voted against the bill. Anti-Suffragists wore red roses. Those for suffrage wore yellow roses.

By March of 1920, 35 states had ratified the Amendment. The next three voted no, the Southern States were adamantly against it. President Woodrow Wilson sent a telegram to Tennessee Governor Roberts, asking him to set a special session and call for a vote. He agreed.

On August 18, 1920, the Tennessee Legislature became the most important seat of government in all the U.S. The Speaker asked for a vote to table the Amendment. The response was a tie.  The Amendment came to the floor and each member was called by name in an official roll call to give their vote.

A young State Rep named Harry T. Burn wore the red rose. He voted for tabling the Amendment, but when he was called on to voice Yea or Nay for the passage, Burn changed his vote and sided with the suffragettes. The 36th  state was achieved. Burn was accused of bribery and vilified by opponents. When asked why he changed his vote, he responded that his mother had written him a letter that convinced him to vote for the passage.

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